Table of Contents Hide
The Krakatoa eruption is a natural disaster of ungodly strength, which caused a devastating tsunami and cacophony of noise. The eruption is still unfathomable even today, and it’s hard to imagine how such a noise could have been avoided.
Krakatoa erupted with ungodly strength
The volcano erupted with ungodly force, sending ash and lava up to 9 miles into the air. The explosion was loud enough to be heard in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was the largest eruption since December 2018 when the volcano erupted in a deadly blast. A webcam on the slope of Krakatoa captured images of the ash and lava shooting into the sky.
The eruption hurled 11 cubic miles of debris into the air, covering the island in ash. Ash was blown out more than three and a half miles and fell on ships in the Indian Ocean. The ash deposited a thick layer on the surrounding areas, which covered the region for two and a half days. It was so dense that the sun did not shine through it for a long time.
It caused deadly tsunamis
The Krakatoa eruption produced the loudest sound in modern history. The sound was so loud that it could be heard across ten percent of the Earth’s surface. As a result, people as far away as Perth, Australia could hear it. The ash plume from the volcano was so powerful that it caused a black cloud to form that covered nearly eight hundred miles of ocean. More than three thousand people died in the eruption, though there were fewer casualties than those from the Japanese tsunami.
Volcanoes that cause deadly tsunamis are relatively rare, but they are still a serious threat, causing about a quarter of all volcanic activity-induced tsunamis worldwide. Scientists are now looking at a number of past volcanic eruptions for warnings and patterns.
It was a cacophony
On 21 August, the Krakatoa volcano suddenly began to grow more active, forcing the ship to turn back and not venture into the strait. A great shower of ash and pumice washed down both sides of the strait, and violent explosions were heard as far as Batavia. The strait was filled with high waves. At midnight, electrical phenomena enveloped the ships in the vicinity, and the ship was surrounded by these phenomena for at least ten or twelve miles. The glare from the gigantic column of smoke and ash was so bright that it could be seen by the people of Batava, 80 miles away.
The Krakatoa eruption was the loudest eruption in recorded history, and its sound was heard by thousands of people across the world. Scientists estimate that the sound could be heard up to 3,000 miles away, and was even heard by people on the island of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean. The resulting explosions generated so much energy that they caused waves as high as 46 meters. The waves rolled through the ocean, and caused massive damage.
It was a finale of a performance
The Krakatoa eruption in 1908 was an eruption of enormous proportions. It was heard as far away as Alaska, and was the loudest sound the world has heard in 139 years. The sound was so intense that three people died as a result of the explosion.
The sound of the Krakatoa eruption was so loud that it was heard from a long distance, as if it was the finale of a performance. The ash that remained in the air dampened the sound, but waves were still able to travel over the top of the layers. However, the farther the sound was from the location, the weaker it was.
It blew itself to pieces
On August 27, 1998, an island mountain, Krakatoa, blew itself to pieces. The explosion was loud enough to cause hearing damage. In the aftermath, the mountain crumbled into an undersea magma chamber. The sound was estimated at 310 decibels.
Scientists estimate that the sound of the explosion was similar to that from Mount St. Helens. The shock waves and the sound would travel across the ocean and reach ships in the Sunda Strait. The sound would reach them from a distance of a few hundred miles. In addition, the explosion would cause the boats in the Sunda Strait to sail through enormous chunks of pumice. Many of these ships would have been carrying human remains.
It triggered shock waves 10,000 times stronger than Hiroshima’s atomic bomb
A massive volcanic eruption on the Indonesian island of Krakatoa triggered shock waves 10,000-times stronger than Hiroshima’s atom bomb. The resulting tsunamis destroyed 160 villages and killed more than 36,000 people. It was estimated that the blast caused air pressure waves that were still measurable five days after the explosion. Its explosive force was estimated to be equivalent to 200 to 2,000 megatons of TNT. The explosion’s power was so large that it caused seismic waves that could be heard 4800km away, in Mauritius. Only a third of the island survived the eruption.
The massive Krakatoa explosion hurled 18 cubic kilometers of rock and ash into the air. It also destroyed 165 coastal villages. It also released enough volcanic ash into the atmosphere to reduce global temperatures by one degree Celsius.